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Intest Res > Volume 11(3); 2013 > Article
Intestinal Research 2013;11(3):184-190.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5217/ir.2013.11.3.184    Published online July 30, 2013.
Preoperative Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 Levels Can Predict Stage and Survival Rate in Patients with Colorectal Cancer
Soo Young Moon, Jae Myung Cha, Joung Il Lee, Kwang Ro Joo, Hyun Phil Shin, Jae Jun Park, Jung Won Jeon, Jun Uk Lim, Seung Jung Jun, Yoon Jong Seo, Chi Hoon Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
수술 전 Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 검사는 대장암 환자의 병기와 생존율을 예측할 수 있다
문수영, 차재명, 이정일, 주광로, 신현필, 박재준, 전정원, 임준욱, 전승정, 서윤종, 이치훈
경희대학교 의과대학 강동경희대병원 내과학교실
Abstract
Background/Aims
The purpose of this study was to determine whether preoperative carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) levels can predict the stage of diseases or survival rate in patients with resectable colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: A total of 247 patients who underwent curative resections at Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong between 2006 and 2011 were enrolled. We investigated the correlations of preoperative serum levels of CA19-9 with clinicopathological features of CRC. Receiver operative curve was constructed for evaluating the efficiency of the serum CA 19-9 levels in the stratifying stage of CRC. Survival analysis was performed with Kaplan-Meire method and log-rank test. Cox regression analysis was used for the multivariate analysis for survival. Results: Abnormal level of serum CA 19-9 (>37 IU/mL) were associated with advanced T stage (P<0.001), N stage (P=0.002) and TNM stage (P<0.001) in patients with resectable CRC. Furthermore, abnormal level of serum CA 19-9 were related with vascular invasion (P=0.002) and lymphatic invasion (P=0.026). The area under the curve was 0.75 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-0.83) for T4 stage CRC and 0.680 (95% CI 0.61-0.75) for TNM stage III CRC. In patients with TNM stage III CRC, a preoperative CA 19-9 higher than 60 IU/mL (P=0.033) and presence of vascular invasion (P=0.002) were identified as significant predictors of survival rate on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: In patients with resectable CRC, preoperative CA 19-9 correlates with T stage, N stage and TNM stage of disease. Serum CA 19-9 >60 U/mL was an independent predictor of survival rate in the patients with TNM stage III CRC. (Intest Res 2013;11:184-190)
Key Words: Colorectal neoplasms, Carbohydrate antigen 19-9, TNM stage, Survival
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